What's a credit score?

3min read
Posted 22 March 22

If you've ever taken out a loan, a credit card or made a hire purchase, you'll have one of these. But what exactly is a credit score? In short, it's a number that tells banks and lenders how much money you can secure when applying for loans or other credit amounts.

NZ has a credit ranking system to determine everyone's credit score. This system is based on your credit history, so things like loans, the number of credit cards held, etc. All this information helps suggest who can get cash loans, what interest rates they'll pay and any goods brought on credit.

A score is then made out for you between 1 and 1000. It's good to keep in mind that this number can change, depending on any repayments or money you owe on existing loans/hire purchases.


Give yourself some credit. 

Having a good credit score is the smartest way to get ahead financially. A great score can unlock more loans, cards or accounts. It also ensures lower interest rates on your mortgage, so you can avoid paying extra.

Want to buy a house one day or a better rate on your loan? Your credit score allows you to do all that. Yonda can provide you with your credit score, and we've further tips as you go along. Or you can always scroll through to the section on 'Improving your credit score' to get ahead.


So who checks your credit score? 

Anyone who deals with you financially so lenders, businesses and potential employers. But only when you apply for things like:

·   Loans

·   Credit cards

·   Mortgages

·   Bank accounts

·   Phone contracts

·   Car finance

·   Insurance

·   Rental accommodation

In most cases, whoever accesses your credit score will have to ask your permission first (although not public sector agencies or debt collectors).


What is a good credit score to have?

Here's the 1 to 1000 range we were talking about. To be considered a safe and secure borrower, your credit score will generally be above 600-700. Anything below this labels you a higher risk to loan and credit companies.


0-299 - High risk

Unless you've previously been declared bankrupt or running into debt, you shouldn't be running this low. If you do, you may face problems securing future credit. Sorting out regular repayments for defaults on loans are a great way to improve. Also, try paying off/getting rid of any credit cards. These contribute to a lower score and can affect applications for future credit.  


300-579 - Below average.

If you're in this range, it could just indicate that you've yet to build much of a credit profile. Or maybe, if you've one already, you might need to improve the structure of your credit/repayment schedules so that you have a better history of repayments. 


580-670 - Fairly good.

You can secure loans from banks generally around the 600 bracket but that depends on having money saved as well. Keep up the excellent work, though having savings goals and a healthy score will help banks see your vision more clearly, whether you're looking to pay off a house over the next few years or start another type of loan.


671-739 – Pretty healthy

You probably haven't gone bankrupt or had any major credit defaults. Keep improving your score with regular repayments or by clearing any existing debt. 


740-799 – Very good. 

You'll still have no problem getting a loan in this range. Those who score in this bracket can keep climbing by minimising their credit applications or resolving existing loans/credit cards. 


800 or above – Nearly perfect. 

A score of around 800 is something about which you can boast. This means that you've repaid every loan you have applied for on time so that you can enjoy excellent interest rates for all your hard work.


1000 – A perfect score. 

Reaching 1000 means you'll likely have spent a lifetime making timely repayments and securing safe loans for homes and mortgages. But don't worry about getting here for now - the sooner you start making positive contributions to your credit history (such as repaying off an owing amount), the better your score gets. Few lenders expect absolute perfection anyway, so you likely won't need a score this high to secure most loans. 


Improving your credit score

The good thing about a credit score is that it can continuously improve over time, so you won't always be seen as a risk to banks and lenders. Here are a few tips on starting:


Make payments on time. 

This includes payments for outstanding loans and bills. 


Pay your credit card in full.

Cancelling existing debt is an excellent way to secure more credit. 


Don't share bills. 

Often it's not you that lowers your credit score, but the people with which you share accounts and bills. Keeping your bills separate from others is an excellent way to improve your score. 


Limit your credit applications.

Each time you apply for credit, your score loses out. Try and save applications for times you need them. 


Limit short term and payday loans.

These aren't a good look on your credit report, as they show you're not great with money.


Cancel unused credit cards. 

Having an excessive number of credit cards adds complexity to your credit history. So, if you aren't using a card, get rid of it. This will help sort out your credit history and any existing debt. 


In short.

We all occasionally need a loan or a new credit card. A credit score isn't designed to keep you from any of these things but to help lenders learn more about your financial capabilities. So, to give them the best picture of you, it's a good idea to do everything in moderation. That way, when you're asked for your score by lenders and bankers, you'll have no reason not to give it out freely.




Info and tools on the Yonda website are used as a guide only and do not constitute financial advice. Use Yonda as a starting point and then seek professional advice.